Ethiopia

Ethiopia is a landlocked country in Eastern Africa with a population of approximately 102.4 million people. The agricultural sector represents 41% of GDP and employs 85% of the workforce. Soil and climate conditions favor the cultivation of diverse farm products. Nevertheless, food insecurity, hunger and malnutrition are still prevalent in parts of Ethiopia. Triggering factors include droughts and floods, while systemic factors, such as environmental degradation, a low degree of mechanization and low use of technology in the agricultural sector, a lack of employment opportunities and high population pressure also significantly contribute to this problem. The national diet is heavily starch-based, and starchy staples provide more than three quarters of dietary energy supply. This is reflected on Ethiopia’s reliance on wheat imports which constitute 36% of the total import value, despite high wheat production levels. In terms of exports, Ethiopia is Africa’s largest coffee producer; coffee production represents the greatest source of export revenue for the country. Legumes, notably fava beans, are the third most important export crop. They are also important for food security, due to their low price and high protein content.

Read the full country dossier here, and read the country innovation study on the status of agricultural innovations, innovation platforms and innovation investments in Ethiopia here.

Ethiopia on

Publications

Innovation for Sustainable Agricultural Growth – 12 Country Dossiers

Change in crop management strategies could double the maize yield in Africa

How does inter-annual variability of attainable yield affect the magnitude of yield gaps for wheat and maize?

PARI Poster: Recognizing Farmer Innovators in Africa

The ReSAKSS Country eAtlases

2017

The ReSAKSS Country eAtlases is a GIS-based mapping tool designed to help policy analysts and policymakers access and use high quality and highly disaggregated data on agricultural, socio-economic, and bio-physical indicators to guide agricultural policy and investment decisions.

Country Innovation Studies

2016 | Prepared by the PARI national partners and FARA

The Innovation Studies for the 12 African PARI countries provide an overview of the status of agricultural innovations, innovation platforms and innovation investment in the respective country. Read more Country Innovation Studies

On the use of agricultural system models for exploring technological innovations across scales in Africa: A critical review

2016 | R.P. Rötter | F.L. Sehomi | J.G. Höhn | J.K. Niemi | M. van den Berg

Published as: ZEF – Discussion Papers on Development Policy No. 23, Center for Development Research, Bonn.

Download full paper

Download literature database

PARI Policy Brief No. 1: Strategic Directions for Development Collaboration for Food Security and Agricultural Growth in Sub-Saharan Africa

Tapping Potentials of Innovation for Food Security and Sustainable Agricultural Growth – an Africa-wide Perspective

2015 | C. Husmann | J. von Braun | O. Badiane | Y. Akinbamijo | O.A. Fatunbi | D. Virchow

A study for the special initiative  “One World, No Hunger” of the Federal Ministry of Economic Cooperation and Development (BMZ).

Download full report and policy brief.

Report on Potentials and Cooperation Opportunities in African Countries

2015 | J. von Braun et al.

Summary of a report on potentials and possibilities for German collaboration in agriculture in the 12 PARI countries.

Download full report in English, French and German

Potentials and Possibilities for German Collaboration in Agriculture – 12 Country Dossiers

Regional trade and volatility in staple food markets in Africa