Ghana

Introduction:

Ghana is home to over 27 million people. Agriculture contributes around 30% of the GDP and employs half of the working population. 80% of agricultural production occurs in small farmer operations averaging 1.2 hectares in size. One of the country’s major problems is pronounced socio-economic North-South inequality and is the starting point of many development projects and strategies. Maize is Ghana‘s most important grain and the second most important staple crop (after cassava). Maize production is the main source of income for a majority of smallholder farmer households. Other important crops in terms of production area and volume include cocoa, yams and plantain. Cocoa is the main export crop followed by cashew, while rice dominates imports. The national diet is heavily reliant on starchy staples, which has contributed to a recent increase in rates of overweight and obesity (more than half of women in the Greater Accra region are overweight or obese), with rates of micronutrient deficiencies remaining high.

Read the full country dossier here, and read the country innovation study on the status of agricultural innovations, innovation platforms and innovation investments in Ghana here.

Ghana on eAtlas

Publications

Farmers’ adaptation to weather extremes in the Sudan Savanna

Neglected Governance Challenges of Mechanization in Ghana

Building farmers’ capacity for innovation generation: Insights from rural Ghana

Beyond adoption: welfare effects of farmer innovation behavior in Ghana

Enhancing resilience to climate shocks through farmer innovation: evidence from northern Ghana

PARI Policy Brief No. 5: Smallholder agricultural mechanization in Africa

PARI Annual Report 2016

How does inter-annual variability of attainable yield affect the magnitude of yield gaps for wheat and maize?

The ReSAKSS Country eAtlases

2017

The ReSAKSS Country eAtlases is a GIS-based mapping tool designed to help policy analysts and policymakers access and use high quality and highly disaggregated data on agricultural, socio-economic, and bio-physical indicators to guide agricultural policy and investment decisions.

Country Innovation Studies

2016 | Prepared by the PARI national partners and FARA

The Innovation Studies for the 12 African PARI countries provide an overview of the status of agricultural innovations, innovation platforms and innovation investment in the respective country. Read more Country Innovation Studies

On the use of agricultural system models for exploring technological innovations across scales in Africa: A critical review

2016 | R.P. Rötter | F.L. Sehomi | J.G. Höhn | J.K. Niemi | M. van den Berg

Published as: ZEF – Discussion Papers on Development Policy No. 23, Center for Development Research, Bonn.

Download full paper

Download literature database

PARI Policy Brief No. 2: Farmer Innovation Contests – Tapping the Innovative Potential of Smallholder Farmers

Progress report on Agricultural Typologies Work

2016 | M. Torero | E. Maruyama

Download progress report

PARI Annual Report 2015

PARI Policy Brief No. 1: Strategic Directions for Development Collaboration for Food Security and Agricultural Growth in Sub-Saharan Africa

Tapping Potentials of Innovation for Food Security and Sustainable Agricultural Growth – an Africa-wide Perspective

2015 | C. Husmann | J. von Braun | O. Badiane | Y. Akinbamijo | O.A. Fatunbi | D. Virchow

A study for the special initiative  “One World, No Hunger” of the Federal Ministry of Economic Cooperation and Development (BMZ).

Download full report and policy brief.

Report on Potentials and Cooperation Opportunities in African Countries

2015 | J. von Braun et al.

Summary of a report on potentials and possibilities for German collaboration in agriculture in the 12 PARI countries.

Download full report in English, French and German

Potentials and Possibilities for German Collaboration in Agriculture – 12 Country Dossiers

Regional trade and volatility in staple food markets in Africa