Ghana is home to over 27 million people. Agriculture contributes around 30% of the GDP and employs half of the working population. 80% of agricultural production occurs in small farmer operations averaging 1.2 hectares in size. One of the country’s major problems is pronounced socio-economic North-South inequality and is the starting point of many development projects and strategies. Maize is Ghana‘s most important grain and the second most important staple crop (after cassava). Maize production is the main source of income for a majority of smallholder farmer households. Other important crops in terms of production area and volume include cocoa, yams and plantain. Cocoa is the main export crop followed by cashew, while rice dominates imports. The national diet is heavily reliant on starchy staples, which has contributed to a recent increase in rates of overweight and obesity (more than half of women in the Greater Accra region are overweight or obese), with rates of micronutrient deficiencies remaining high.

Read the full country dossier here, and read the country innovation study on the status of agricultural innovations, innovation platforms and innovation investments in Ghana here.

Agricultural Typology of Ghana:

Source: Maruyama et al. (2018)


Ghana on


Is there Unrecognized Potential in Neglected Livestock Species?

Climate Change and Food Security in West Africa

Determinants of uptake and strategies to improve agricultural insurance in Africa: a review

Strategies for Transforming Smallholder Farming in Africa

Between pandemics and famines: Towards nutrition-sensitive lockdowns during Covid-19 and beyond

‘We would rather die from Covid-19 than from hunger´ – Exploring lockdown stringencies in five African countries

From Potentials to Reality: Transforming Africa’s Food Production

2020 | H. Baumüller | J. von Braun | A. Admassie | O. Badiane | E. Baraké | J. Börner | I. Bozic | B. Chichaibelu | J. Collins | T. Daum | T. Gatiso | N. Gerber | T. Getahun | K. Glatzel | S. Hendriks | O. Kirui | L. Kornher | Z. Kubik | E. Lüdeling | A. Mirzabaev | P.G. Ndiaye | T. Sakketa | M. Shah | G. Tadesse | J. Walakira

The report is avalailable in English and German.

Read the press release to the report here.Read more From Potentials to Reality: Transforming Africa’s Food Production

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India-Africa Partnership in Trade and Investment: With focus on the Agriculture and Food Sector

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A Review of Youth Employment Initiatives in Ghana: Policy Perspective

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2019 | I. S. Egyir | R. Ampadu-Ameyaw

Published as FARA Research Report Vol. 4 No. 13

Read the full report here.


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PARI Policy Brief No. 18: Mechanizing African Agriculture

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2017 | R. Ampadu-Ameyaw | R. Omari | G. Owosu Essegbey

Read the full report here.

Published as: Ampadu-Ameyaw, R, Omari R and Owusu Essegbey G, (2017). Development and Analysis of the Rice Value Chain for the Hohoe and Jasikan Districts of the Volta Region, Ghana. FARA research Results Vol 1(1) PP 48.Read more Development and Analysis of Rice Value Chains in Ghana

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How does inter-annual variability of attainable yield affect the magnitude of yield gaps for wheat and maize?

The ReSAKSS Country eAtlases


The ReSAKSS Country eAtlases is a GIS-based mapping tool designed to help policy analysts and policymakers access and use high quality and highly disaggregated data on agricultural, socio-economic, and bio-physical indicators to guide agricultural policy and investment decisions.

Country Innovation Studies

2016 | Prepared by the PARI national partners and FARA

The Innovation Studies for the 12 African PARI countries provide an overview of the status of agricultural innovations, innovation platforms and innovation investment in the respective country. Read more Country Innovation Studies

On the use of agricultural system models for exploring technological innovations across scales in Africa: A critical review

2016 | R.P. Rötter | F.L. Sehomi | J.G. Höhn | J.K. Niemi | M. van den Berg

Published as: ZEF – Discussion Papers on Development Policy No. 23, Center for Development Research, Bonn.

Download full paper

Download literature database

PARI Policy Brief No. 2: Farmer Innovation Contests – Tapping the Innovative Potential of Smallholder Farmers

Progress report on Agricultural Typologies Work

2016 | M. Torero | E. Maruyama

Download progress report

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