Mali is a landlocked country in the Sahel with a population of about 18 million people (2016 estimates). About 60% of the area is classified as dryland and desert. Agriculture makes up about 45 percent of Malian GDP, but its influence goes far beyond that level; the majority of the population is employed in agriculture. Although the GDP per capita has grown in the last ten years, Mali continues to be a poor country that depends heavily on cotton and gold exports. These two products generate more than half of the revenue. The most important agricultural products are rice, maize, millet and sorghum, groundnuts, and animal products. Rice, maize, millet and sorghum also account for a large share of the calories consumed, but the national diet is lacking in micronutrient rich foods. A consequence of this imbalance are the high child stunting and micronutrient deficiency rates in Mali. Meanwhile, overweight and obesity rates in adults are also increasing.

Read the full country dossier here, and read the country innovation study on the status of agricultural innovations, innovation platforms and innovation investments in Mali here.

Mali on


The challenges of rural youth employment in Africa: a literature review

Animal traction, two-wheel tractors, or four-wheel tractors? A best-fit approach to guide farm mechanization in Africa

PARI Annual Report 2021

Comprehensive Livestock Driven Typology for Food and Nutrition Security in Mali

Mechanization, digitalization, rural youth: Stakeholder perceptions on mega-topics for African agricultural transformation

Is there Unrecognized Potential in Neglected Livestock Species?

Climate Change and Food Security in West Africa

Determinants of uptake and strategies to improve agricultural insurance in Africa: a review

Land, Climate, Energy, Agriculture and Development in the Sahel

Mali – Land, climate, energy, agriculture and development

Strategies for Transforming Smallholder Farming in Africa

Perceived effects of farm tractors in four African countries, highlighted by participatory impact diagrams

From Potentials to Reality: Transforming Africa’s Food Production

2020 | H. Baumüller | J. von Braun | A. Admassie | O. Badiane | E. Baraké | J. Börner | I. Bozic | B. Chichaibelu | J. Collins | T. Daum | T. Gatiso | N. Gerber | T. Getahun | K. Glatzel | S. Hendriks | O. Kirui | L. Kornher | Z. Kubik | E. Lüdeling | A. Mirzabaev | P.G. Ndiaye | T. Sakketa | M. Shah | G. Tadesse | J. Walakira

The report is avalailable in English and German.

Read the press release to the report here.Read more From Potentials to Reality: Transforming Africa’s Food Production

Targeting Small-Scale Irrigation Investments using Agent-Based Modeling: Case Studies in Mali and Niger

Investing Sustainably in African Livestock Development: Opportunities and Trade-Offs

India-Africa Partnership in Trade and Investment: With focus on the Agriculture and Food Sector

Impacts of agricultural mechanization: Evidence from four African countries

2020 | Thomas Daum | Ygué P. Adegbola | Geoffrey Kamau | Alpha O. Kergna | Christogonus Daudu | Roch C. Zossou | Géraud F. Crinot | Paul Houssou | Lawrence Mose | Yarama Ndirpaya | A. A. Wahab | Oliver Kirui | Fatunbi A. Oluwole

Published as Hohenheim Working Papers on Social and Institutional Change in Agricultural Development No. 003-2020

Read the full report here.

Read more Impacts of agricultural mechanization: Evidence from four African countries

Mechanization and skills development for productivity growth, employment and value addition: Insights from Mali

Potential and Drivers of Livestock Production in Mali

Report on Rice Innovation Platform in Mali

2019 | C. Aichatou Diarra

Published as FARA Research Report Vol. 4 No. 17

Read the full report here.

ICT in Agriculture: The Case of Senekela in Mali

2019 | A. O. Kergna | D. Dembele

Published as FARA Research Report Vol. 4 No. 16

Read the full report here.

PARI Policy Brief No. 15: Seed System Development: Fertile Grounds In Sub-Saharan Africa

Understanding the Engagement of Policymakers in the Success or Failure of Agricultural Innovation Processes: Lessons from Africa Countries

Smallholders’ Access to Agricultural Equipment and Agro-Inputs in Mali

Causes and Consequences of Increasing Herbicides Use in the Cotton Production Zone of Mali

Small Scale Irrigation in Mali: Constraints and Opportunities

Mechanization in African Agriculture: A Continental Overview on Patterns and Dynamics

Coping strategies with Climate Variability effects: The case of the village of Zignasso in Mali

Identifying Options for the Development of Sustainable Seed Systems – Insights from Kenya and Mali

Innovation Opportunities in Mango Value Chains in Mali

PARI Policy Brief No. 9: Innovation for Sustainable Agricultural Growth in Africa – Insights from Research Dossiers on 12 PARI Partner Countries

Innovation Opportunities in Irish Potato Value Chain in Mali

Innovation for Sustainable Agricultural Growth – 12 Country Dossiers

Change in crop management strategies could double the maize yield in Africa

The ReSAKSS Country eAtlases


The ReSAKSS Country eAtlases is a GIS-based mapping tool designed to help policy analysts and policymakers access and use high quality and highly disaggregated data on agricultural, socio-economic, and bio-physical indicators to guide agricultural policy and investment decisions.

Country Innovation Studies

2016 | Prepared by the PARI national partners and FARA

The Innovation Studies for the 12 African PARI countries provide an overview of the status of agricultural innovations, innovation platforms and innovation investment in the respective country. Read more Country Innovation Studies

On the use of agricultural system models for exploring technological innovations across scales in Africa: A critical review

2016 | R.P. Rötter | F.L. Sehomi | J.G. Höhn | J.K. Niemi | M. van den Berg

Published as: ZEF – Discussion Papers on Development Policy No. 23, Center for Development Research, Bonn.

Download full paper

Download literature database

PARI Policy Brief No. 1: Strategic Directions for Development Collaboration for Food Security and Agricultural Growth in Sub-Saharan Africa

Tapping Potentials of Innovation for Food Security and Sustainable Agricultural Growth – an Africa-wide Perspective

Report on Potentials and Cooperation Opportunities in African Countries

Potentials and Possibilities for German Collaboration in Agriculture – 12 Country Dossiers

Regional trade and volatility in staple food markets in Africa