Evaluation of the Inventory of Endogenous Knowledge on the Production and Conservation of Peanut in Togo

2019 | A. Todje | B. Bédibètè | D. Atouga | A. K. Edo | L. Raymond

Published as FARA Research Report Volume 4 No: 10 (2019)

The full report can be found here.

Introduction

Peanut is a legume that comes into the diet of men in various forms. In the 1960s, India, China and West Africa were the only three continents that produced the most peanuts with each continent producing about35%, 19% and 18% of the total amount respectively, representing a total of 72% of the world production. Most peanuts are produced by small scale farmers. Togo’s production of peanuts is indicated to range from 12,000 tons in 1961 to 9,000 tons in 1962 (LABROUSSE & GODRON, 1965). This variation in national production is still observed today, from 25,972 tons in 2001, to 38,244 tons in 2004, to 26919 tons in 2006, and to 47,369 tons in 2012 (DSID, 2012).

There is often a deficit in peanut consumption in southern Togo. In the southern parts of the country, most crops are used for consumption as fresh peanuts. Peanut production in the Northern regions however produces more peanuts thereby reducing the deficit recorded in the southern sector (Ministry of Rural Development, 2000).