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Access to energy remains a critical issue around the globe. At least 1.3 billion people worldwide do not have adequate access to electricity. Due to the unreliability of the electricity supply, power outages are frequent in many rural areas across the developing world where 84% of those without connection to power grids reside. Moreover, 2.6 billion people globally are unable to access clean cooking technologies. India is among the countries most affected by these challenges. India faces an enormous energy poverty challenge with around two-thirds of its population dependent on traditional bioenergy-based cooking and heating while around 45% of its households lack access to electricity. To augment energy access, the Indian government has launched several energy programs. However, these initiatives are still falling short of ensuring a transition to modern energy systems. It is therefore critical to devise strategies that enable ru- ral households to transition towards a smart mix of modern energy sources. This policy brief summarizes insights from research conducted in India which investigated the factors that drive the adoption of modern energy in the country

The Policy Brief is based on the studies:

Gaur V. (2018) Determinants of household’s modern cooking and lighting energy transition in rural India –Exploring household’s activities and its interactions with other households, ZEF–Discussion Papers on Development Policy No. 256, Center for Development Research, Bonn.

Djanibekov U. and Gaur V. (2016) Assessing nexus effects of energy use in rural areas: the case of an inter-and intrahousehold model for Uttar Pradesh, India, ZEF–Discussion Papers on Development Policy No.225, Center for Development Research, Bonn.