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Aquaculture is the fastest growing food sector in the world, accounting for more than half of the fish and seafood products consumed globally in 2021. Beyond improving food security, the sector holds significant potential to boost employment and rural development. However, aquaculture remains in its infancy across most of Africa. Production is highly concentrated in a few countries—notably Egypt, which ranks among the world’s largest producers. Increasing demand for fish products promises high potential for growth. However, purposeful policy shifts are needed to transform subsistence operations into commercial enterprises. This policy brief draws on insights from Egypt, Nigeria and Kenya to identify success factors that could contribute to scaling the sector across the continent.

The policy brief is based on the study: Walakira et al. (2023) Scaling aquaculture for food security and employment in Africa – Insights from Egypt, Kenya and Nigeria. ZEF Working Paper No. 223.