Located in West Africa, Nigeria is the most populated country in Africa with about 186 million people (2016 estimates). With an estimated GDP of 522 billion U.S. dollars in 2015, the country has the strongest economy on the continent, although most of its economic power is based on the oil sector. Agriculture employs about two thirds of the workforce, contributes to approximately 22% of the GDP and accounts for about 88% of the revenue that is not from the oil sector. More than 90% of agricultural production is gener­ated by smallholder farmers who have less than 2 hectares of land. Some of the key supply chains include; rice, maize, cassava and potatoes, yam, sorghum, ba­nanas and plantains, cacao palm oil, and various legumes. The overall dietary energy supply per capita exceeds the average dietary energy requirement of the population by more than 20%, and undernourishment is low and continues to decrease. However, there exists large nutritional disparities between regions, with a prevalence of  obesity and overweight  in larger cities coexisting with particularly high rates of stunting in all states in the North West.

Read the full country dossier here, and read the country innovation study on the status of agricultural innovations, innovation platforms and innovation investments in Nigeria here.

Agricultural Typology of Nigeria:

Source: Maruyama et al. (2018)


Nigeria on


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PARI Annual Report 2021

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Nigeria – Land, climate, energy, agriculture and development

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Perceived effects of farm tractors in four African countries, highlighted by participatory impact diagrams

From Potentials to Reality: Transforming Africa’s Food Production

2020 | H. Baumüller | J. von Braun | A. Admassie | O. Badiane | E. Baraké | J. Börner | I. Bozic | B. Chichaibelu | J. Collins | T. Daum | T. Gatiso | N. Gerber | T. Getahun | K. Glatzel | S. Hendriks | O. Kirui | L. Kornher | Z. Kubik | E. Lüdeling | A. Mirzabaev | P.G. Ndiaye | T. Sakketa | M. Shah | G. Tadesse | J. Walakira

The report is avalailable in English and German.

Read the press release to the report here.Read more From Potentials to Reality: Transforming Africa’s Food Production

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India-Africa Partnership in Trade and Investment: With focus on the Agriculture and Food Sector

PARI Policy Brief No. 25: Emerging Impacts of COVID–19 on the Nigerian Food and Beverage Manufacturing Sector


This PARI policy brief is available here.

Mobilizing Investments in Fertilizer Production and Distribution in Ethiopia, Nigeria and Uganda

Impacts of agricultural mechanization: Evidence from four African countries

2020 | Thomas Daum | Ygué P. Adegbola | Geoffrey Kamau | Alpha O. Kergna | Christogonus Daudu | Roch C. Zossou | Géraud F. Crinot | Paul Houssou | Lawrence Mose | Yarama Ndirpaya | A. A. Wahab | Oliver Kirui | Fatunbi A. Oluwole

Published as Hohenheim Working Papers on Social and Institutional Change in Agricultural Development No. 003-2020

Read the full report here.

Read more Impacts of agricultural mechanization: Evidence from four African countries

Mechanization and Skill Development for Productivity Growth, Employment and Value Addition: Insight from Nigeria

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2018 | P. Dayo | O.O. Jayeoba | Y. Ndirpaya | G. Malomo | E. Ekong

Read the full report here.

Published as: Dayo Phillip , Olumuyiwa O Jayeoba , Yarama Ndirpaya, Gabriel Malomo and Edet Ekong (2018) Scaling Strategies for Agricultural Innovation in Nigeria. FARA Research Results Vol 2(1) Read more Scaling Strategies for Agricultural Innovation in Nigeria

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Change in crop management strategies could double the maize yield in Africa

The ReSAKSS Country eAtlases


The ReSAKSS Country eAtlases is a GIS-based mapping tool designed to help policy analysts and policymakers access and use high quality and highly disaggregated data on agricultural, socio-economic, and bio-physical indicators to guide agricultural policy and investment decisions.

Country Innovation Studies

2016 | Prepared by the PARI national partners and FARA

The Innovation Studies for the 12 African PARI countries provide an overview of the status of agricultural innovations, innovation platforms and innovation investment in the respective country. Read more Country Innovation Studies

On the use of agricultural system models for exploring technological innovations across scales in Africa: A critical review

2016 | R.P. Rötter | F.L. Sehomi | J.G. Höhn | J.K. Niemi | M. van den Berg

Published as: ZEF – Discussion Papers on Development Policy No. 23, Center for Development Research, Bonn.

Download full paper

Download literature database

PARI Policy Brief No. 1: Strategic Directions for Development Collaboration for Food Security and Agricultural Growth in Sub-Saharan Africa

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Regional trade and volatility in staple food markets in Africa